CONFERENCE KEYNOTES 2018
Emeritus Professor in regional and urban economics, and in economic geography at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
URBAN RESILIENCE PATTERNS AFTER AN EXTERNAL SHOCK: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY
Resilience has in recent years become an established concept in dynamic systems analysis. It is also increasingly employed in dynamic spatial systems, such as cities. The present paper offers an evidence of resilience of urban systems after an external shock. It pays particular attention to natural disasters affecting a city´s system. A typology of different types of disasters and of related damage is presented, from a global perspective on the regional occurrence of such calamities. The cost and recovery potential after an external shock are statistically explored. It comes out that population size and density are critical parameters for the order of magnitude of disaster damage. The comprehensive approach to risk assessment, identification and management proposed in the paper serves to depict a desirable urban resilience pattern after an external shock.
Key words: resilience, vulnerability, external shock, urbanization, urban resilience pattern.
Peter Nijkamp is emeritus Professor in regional and urban economics and in economic geography at the VU University, and connected to the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm (Sweden) and A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan (Poland). He is member of editorial/advisory boards of more than 30 journals. According to the RePec list he belongs to the top-30 of well-known economists world-wide. He is also a fellow of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, and past vice-president of this organization. He has served as president of the governing board of the Netherlands Research Council (NWO). In 1996, he was awarded the most prestigious scientific prize in the Netherlands, the Spinoza award.